II: Read the following passage & mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to lớn indicate the correct answer for each of the questions:
In many ways, the increasingly rapid pace of climate change is a direct result of the growth of the human population. <1> In the last 100 years, the world population has more the tripled, from just under 2 billion at the beginning of the century khổng lồ nearly 7 billion khổng lồ day. <2> In addition, the average person uses more energy và natural resources than the average person one hundred years ago, meaning that the rates of consumption 125 years to use the first one trillion barrels of oil. The next trillion barrels will be used in less than 30 years, which is almost 5 times as fast, not three. <4>All of these activities: food production, energy usage, & the use of natural resources, contribute lớn climate change in some way. The greater amounts of oil and other fuels burned khổng lồ create energy release chemicals which add to global warming. In order to lớn produce more food, farmers cut down trees to gain more land for their fields. In addition, we cut down trees khổng lồ build the houses needed for a larger population. Those trees are an essential part of controlling global warning. These are just two examples of the impacts that the growing population has on global warning; others are too numerous khổng lồ mention.In addition khổng lồ a growing population, the world also has a population that desires a higher standard of living than in the past, & a higher standard of living requires the use of even more natural resources. A look at one country will provide a clear example of this fact. Trung quốc is the world’s most populous nation, with 1.3 billion people. Currently, the standard of living for most of those people is far below that of people in first world nations. Therefore, the average Chinese citizen uses far fewer natural resources và less energy than the average citizen of the U.S or Japan. But đài loan trung quốc is growing in power, and more of its citizens are beginning to expect a first world lifestyle. If every Chinese person attains a first world lifestyle, the amount of energy và natural resources needed in the world will double, even if the standard of living in every other nation on Earth remains the same as it is today.
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